Do you know more about 10 most famous female mathematicians in the 21st century? According to the National Science Board Science and Engineering Indicators, in 2013, despite earning 53.7 percent of all bachelor degrees, women receive only 17.9 percent of degrees in computer sciences and 19.3 percent in engineering.
Historically, mathematics has evolved from the need to trade calculations, perform land measurements, and predict astronomical events, and these three applications can be linked to a coarse division of mathematics into the study of structure, space, and changes. Until the end of the 16th century, mathematics was mainly based on the study of geometry and arithmetic and then began to develop algebra, differential and integral calculus, analysis. Much before it was adopted as a science, mathematics was widely used in practice. The first records related to mathematical symbols, signs, and problems have been registered on papyrus or clay tablets in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. Mathematics was used to measure soil after the Nile spill, channel construction, star positioning, and the like. Pythagoras, Euclid, Archimedes, Pierre de Ferma, Blaise Pascal, Leonard Euler, Karl Friedrich Gaus are considered the greatest mathematicians of all time, as well as the bright minds of today Grigori Perelman and Terence Tao. Complex mathematical solutions in the field of arithmetic, geometry, and algebra were used for 3000 years BC. In ancient Egyptians when building a pyramid. The Babylonians managed to calculate the circumference of the circle as about three diameters, which is about today’s calculation, while the development of concepts associated with negative numbers, decimal numbers, algebra, and geometry is attributed to the Chinese, whose mathematicians were twenty centuries BC. Worked on it. Do you know how many women mathematicians have contributed to this science? Did you ever hear about Ingrid Daubechies? She was the first female president of International Mathematical Union. Or for Bernadette Perrin-Riou? She got her Satter Prize for her work in number theoretical research on p-adic L-functions. Even today, in the 21st century, 94% of the professors of mathematics in the UK universities are men. The answer to the question why women so rarely appeared in mathematics is not easy to give. There are many causes; they are intertwined with the culture and customs that have evolved over the centuries, as well as the way education and the view of women in society.
If you are fascinated with mathematics and want to read more about female mathematicians, check Insider’s Monkey list of 10 Most Famous Female Mathematicians in the 21st Century and see the rest of the article.